Saturday, February 23, 2019

The Effects of Thermal Pollution on Marine Life

Marine organisms mostly have specific temperature needs and they are unable to survive sudden changes.

Thermal shock to aquatic life is affected even by small temperature changes. Use of water as a coolant by power plants and industrial manufacturers is a common cause of thermal pollution. At a higher temperature when water used as a coolant is returned to the natural environment the sudden change in temperature decreases oxygen supply and affects ecosystem composition. Insects, fish, and amphibians can be killed off by “Thermal shock”. Further issues with the ecosystem can be caused by a sudden loss of life.

Thermal pollution increases natural outbreaks like flood, drought, and famine among several forms of pollution. There is a Sea water level increase alarmingly. The glaciers can melt with the constant impact of heat which can cause immense damage to living organisms.

  1. Water as Cooling Agent (In Industrial plants)
  2. Soil Erosion
  3. Deforestation
  4. Runoff from Paved Surfaces
  5. Natural Causes
  1. Decrease in DO (Dissolved Oxygen) Levels
  2. Increase in Toxins
  3. Loss of Biodiversity
  4. Ecological Impact
  5. Affects Reproductive Systems
  6. Increases Metabolic Rate
  7. Migration
  1. Cooling towers and artificial lakes
  2. Save Electricity
  3. Use of alternative cooling agents(other than water)
  4. Release heated water in less vulnerable regions
  5. Circular plowing to prevent erosion.
  6. Reuse of heated water
  7. Tree planting along the shorelines
  8. Cogeneration
  9. Use of alternative sources of energy
  10. Environmental Awareness

Our life on Earth is connected to the ocean and its inhabitants. The more you learn about the issues facing, the more you’ll want to help ensure its health and inspire others.

Our planet Earth is unique in every aspect. Protect human health and safeguard the natural environment upon which life depends.

Climate Change Conference 2019 is focusing to reduce marine degradation in different ways.

SPECIAL SESSION ON Climate Change: Marine Life

Saturday, February 16, 2019

Artificial Leaves Absorbing Co2 from air – Better at reducing Co2 more than Natural leaves

You Will Never Believe These Bizarre Truth  

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Plants are natural air purifiers taking in carbon dioxide and expelling oxygen through photosynthesis. Scientists build artificial leaves that can absorb carbon dioxide. We're constantly removing chunks of earth's leaf cover so we might have to find a way to help out mother nature. That's where this latest device from the University of Illinois at Chicago comes in. The researchers built "artificial leaves". These convert Co2 into breathable oxygen the process that occurs in real plants.

The artificial leaf converts Co2 into carbon monoxide and oxygen. From here, the oxygen can be released into the air, while the harmful gas can be pulled from the device and used to create synthetic fuels like methanol. The team believes their artificial leaf design is 10 times more efficient than even natural leaves. This conceptual design can play a significant role in reducing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

In order to implement in the real world successfully, these devices should be able to draw carbon dioxide from much more dilute sources such as air and flue gas given off by coal-burning power plants. The artificial leaf can absorb Co2 from the atmosphere to generate fuel and release oxygen simulating the process of photosynthesis

While most plants convert less than 1% of the available solar energy into chemical energy, these leaves can convert about 20% of the incident solar energy into chemical energy in the form of fuel and oxygen. The artificial leaf can single-handedly be throned as a renewable energy source while not only reducing carbon footprint but also producing large amounts of oxygen in the process.

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Wednesday, February 6, 2019

Endosymbiotic bacteria Wolbachia is promising new bio control approach for Mosquito-Borne Diseases

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Malaria, Filariasis, Dengue, Chikungunya, Zika, West Nile fevers and other mosquito-borne diseases cause an enormous health burden to people living in tropical and subtropical regions of the world.

The trans infection of mosquitos with the maternally inherited, endosymbiotic bacteria Wolbachia that can compete with targeted pathogens or manipulate host biology to reduce their vectorial capacity is a promising and innovative biological control approach.

Mosquito populations can be reduced Fruit fly Wolbachia strains which can invade and sustain themselves in and reduce adult lifespan by affecting mosquito reproduction and interfere with pathogen replication.

Wolbachia works in two ways within a mosquito:  
By Boosting the natural immune system of the mosquito make it harder for the mosquito to support the Zika, dengue or chikungunya infection.
The second way is by competing against viruses for key molecules like cholesterol.

Mosquito-borne diseases represent significant medical and veterinary problems around the world and lead to major economic problems.

For some diseases such as Zika virus, West Nile Virus and Dengue fever, vector control remains the only way to protect human populations.

The cost of treatment remains a huge barrier to large amounts of developing world populations. A child dies every minute because of malaria in Africa. In countries where malaria is well established WHO estimates countries lose 1.3% annual economic income due to the disease.

The need to control the vectors in which they carried is prioritized as the impacts of disease and virus are devastating.

Thursday, January 17, 2019

Environmental Links to Breast Cancer

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Ecological research indicates there is a connection between environmental factors and breast cancer. From preservatives in our lipstick to flame retardants in our sofas, from plasticizers in our water bottles to pesticides on our fruits and vegetables there are over 85,000 synthetic chemicals on the market today


As the use of chemicals has risen, so have rates of breast and other cancers.

70% of breast cancer have none of the known risk factors. But known risk factors, like late menopause, having children late in life, and family history of cancer are present in only 30% of breast cancer cases.

  • Estrogen - A hormone closely linked with the development of breast cancer. Numerous synthetic chemicals, called “xenoestrogens,” act like estrogen in our bodies which come from common weed killers and pesticides, plastic additives or by-products, ingredients in spray paints and paint removers, and polyvinyl chloride used extensively in the manufacture of food packaging, medical products, appliances, cars, toys, credit cards, and rainwear.
  • Ionising radiation- Exposure to high levels of ionising radiation increases the risk of many cancers, the risks associated with mammograms and other x-rays are very small. We can be exposed to ionising radiation through: From Natural sources like the ground, food and cosmic rays. An atomic bomb explosion or radiation accident.Medical x-rays (including mammograms) and radiotherapy
  • Radiotherapy treatment - Hodgkin’s lymphoma can be treated by radiotherapy in chest area. This increases the chance of breast cancer for women who received radiotherapy during their developmental (teenage) years. 
  • Working at night- Particularly women who work night shifts, may have a slightly increased chance of developing breast cancer than women who do not.
  • Some studies have shown a lack of darkness may reduce the production of a hormone called melatonin, which might normally play a role in suppressing the growth of breast cancer.Shift work might also lead to unhealthy behaviour that could independently increase the risk of cancer, such as being overweight and not being physically active
  • Stress - Number of studies have looked at the direct and indirect links between stress and breast cancer.

There is scientific evidence to some extent to suggest the following factors may affect the chances of developing breast cancer. More research is needed before we can be sure they are definitely linked to the disease.
Early Detection Saves Lives

Support those living with this disease. Stand strong against breast cancer

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Join us on April 29-30,2019 in Gulf of Finland.

Friday, January 11, 2019

About Climate Change Conference 2019

About Conference

ME Conferences cordially invite you to attend the 8th International Conference on Climate Change and Medical Entomology slated on April 29-30, 2019 at Helsinki, Finland. We welcome all scientists, scholars, students, industrialists to attend and explore their knowledge in the field of Climate Change and Medical Entomology.

Climate Change 2019 conference will focus on the latest and exciting innovations in all areas of Climate Change and Medical Entomology which offers a unique opportunity for investigators across the globe to meet, network, and witness new challenges. This year’s annual congress highlights the theme, “Endeavor the Emerging Issues in Climate Change & Medical Entomology” which reflects the Cutting-edge Information. The two days conference includes workshops, symposiums, special keynote sessions conducted by eminent and renowned speakers This Conference also encourages the active participation of young student researchers as we are hosting Poster Award Competition and Young research Forum at the conference venue.

Benefits of attending:
  • Build Strategic Business Connections
  • Gain New Insights
  • Collaborate with the leaders in the fields of Climate Change
  • Networking events
  • Strategy exchange sessions
  • Specialty Exhibit Areas- Companies often have tools to display that we haven’t seen yet
  • The focus and energy of Like-Minded Individuals
  • The Serendipity of the Random Workshops
  • Lightning Sessions
  • Market Debuts
Who Attends?
  • Climatologist
  • Medical Entomologist
  • Meteorologist
  • Geologist
  • Environmental researchers
  • Hydrologist
  • Marine biologist
  • Oceanographer
  • Ecologists
  • Chemical researchers
  • Environmental engineers
  • Waste management researchers
  • Business entrepreneur
  • Astronomers
  • Earth science association
  • Sustainability Strategists
  • CEO’s
  • Young research forum

Conference Highlights

Special Issues

  •  All accepted abstracts will be published in respective Supporting International Journals.
  •  Abstracts will be provided with Digital Object Identifier by Cross Ref.